Can Dehydration Cause a Retinal Tear?
Nearly all of the body’s major systems depend on water to survive and thrive. Drinking enough water each day is essential for many reasons including the regulation of body temperature, lubrication of joints, prevention of infection, proper organ function, carrying oxygen and nutrients to cells, and moistening the tissue in the nose, mouth and eyes. Water makes up about 50-70% of the body and every cell, tissue and organ depends upon it in order to work properly. Should your body lose more water than it consumes, you could be at risk for dehydration.
Proper hydration ensures the eyes are lubricated for normal tear production. Tears moisten the eyes, wash away debris and prevent bacteria from causing infections. Dehydration can cause temporary or chronic dry eyes. Dehydrated eyes are also more likely to suffer from eye strain. Puffiness also results from fluid retention of the eyes caused by dehydration. Hydration is necessary for a healthy balance of fluid in the eye. Severe dehydration can affect the vitreous, the gel-like substance in the eye in front of the retina and behind the lens, causing it to contract. Because the vitreous adheres to the retina, dehydration may lead to the vitreous pulling away from the retina causing a retinal tear.
Dehydration is also associated with other retinal conditions such as glaucoma, cataracts and diabetic retinopathy. Drinking plenty of water plays an important role in the healthy blood flow in the eyes. The eyes become vulnerable without proper hydration and can cause a myriad of uncomfortable symptoms including swelling of the eyes, blurred vision, shrinking of the cornea and obstruction of the blood supply to the eyes. If the retinal veins are blocked because of dehydration, the buildup of blood can cause retinal swelling and may reduce vision significantly. Chronic dehydration can also thin the cornea and the cornea will no longer be able to withstand the pressure of fluid inside the eye resulting in blurred or double vision.
Drinking water is good for your eye health. Prioritize drinking 8 glasses of water per day to maintain the health and function of the eyes. To ensure dehydration has not affected the quality of your vision, schedule a comprehensive eye exam at Associated Retina Consultants by calling 602-242-4928 or booking online at WEBSITE.