Can the Macula Be Repaired?
Only about 5mm in diameter, the macula is responsible for central vision, most of the color within that vision and for the finite detail in what is seen. Located in the center of the retina at the back of the eye, the macula contains a high concentration of photoreceptor cells that detect light, signaling the brain to interpret the images in front of you. The macula also provides the eyes with straightforward, sharp vision while the rest of the retina supplies the peripheral vision.
Given how powerful the macula is and its necessity for healthy, clear vision, recognizing the signs and symptoms of a damaged macula are critical for preserving your eyesight. Early signs of damage to the macula begin with either a gradual or sudden change in normal vision wherein straight lines become wavy or distorted. Dramatic reduction to central vision is often a warning that the macula has been affected. Macular diseases are progressive and can lead to severe or permanent vision loss. These diseases include age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, macular edema, macular hole, macular pucker or eye floaters as well as other eye conditions.
With serious consequences of a damaged macula, can the macula be repaired? Depending on which classification of macular disease a patient is diagnosed with will determine the course of treatment. In some cases, your eye doctor may prescribe options to slow the progression or the disease. For others, a vitrectomy would be recommended. A vitrectomy is a common operation where the surgeon removes the vitreous, the gel-like substance in the center of the eye, where it is replaced with a bubble made up of air and gas. The bubble serves as a temporary bandage that holds the edge of the macula hole as it heals. Recovery usually takes between 2 to 4 weeks. Other treatment options for the repair of the macula include laser photocoagulation, photodynamic therapy, anti-VEGF injections and sub-macular surgery.
Although it is possible for a macular hole to seal itself requiring no further treatment, most often surgery or other forms of intervention for macular disease is necessary. For safe and effective treatment options, visit us online at WEBSITE to browse a list of services and more frequently asked questions. At Associated Retina Consultants, our physicians have extensive knowledge of how the macula can be repaired. To discuss any symptoms affecting your vision, contact Associated Retina Consultants by 602-242-4928 to schedule an appointment.