How is Uveitis Diagnosed?
Uveitis is an inflammation of the uvea, which is made up of the iris, ciliary body and choroid. Together, these form the middle layer of the eye between the retina and the sclera (white of the eye). A healthy uvea is vital to maintaining a normal blood supply to the retina of the eye. The retina is the light-sensitive membrane that lines the back of the eyes and transmits light to the optic nerve and the brain.
The cause of uveitis is often unknown, but in some cases uveitis can be due to an infection, injury or from an autoimmune disorder. In an autoimmune disorder, the body’s immune system mistakes the tissues of the eye as foreign and potentially dangerous to the body and then attacks them.
Symptoms of uveitis can affect one or both eyes. Symptoms are due to inflammation, swelling and irritation of the affected eye or eyes. Uveitis may come on suddenly with redness and pain, or it may be slow in onset with little pain or redness, but gradual blurring of vision.
Symptoms of uveitis may include:
- Blurry vision
- Deep eye pain
- Irregular pupil
- Sensitivity to light
Diagnosis of uveitis includes a thorough eye examination and an account of the patient’s complete medical history. Lab tests may be done to rule out an infection or an autoimmune disorder.
The following tests may also be performed when diagnosing uveitis:
- Blood tests
- Visual tests
- A Funduscopic Exam
- Ocular Pressure Measurement
- A Slit Lamp Exam
- Analysis of fluid from the eye
- Retinal photography
If an underlying condition is thought to be the cause of your uveitis, you may be referred to another doctor for a general medical examination and laboratory tests. Sometimes it’s difficult to find a specific cause for uveitis. However, your doctor will try to determine whether your uveitis is caused by an infection or another condition.
Uveitis is considered an ophthalmic emergency and requires a thorough examination by an eye doctor and prompt treatment to control the inflammation. If not diagnosed and treated promptly, complications of uveitis can be serious. Complications include cataracts, glaucoma and blindness.
If you are experiencing symptoms of uveitis, contact Associated Retina Consultants at 602-242-4928 or website right away to schedule an appointment.