What Are Signs of Retina Problems?
At the back of the eye is the light-sensitive layer that covers nearly 65% of the interior surface called the retina. Light enters the eyes that stimulate photoreceptors in the retina converting light energy into signals that are carried to the brain by the optic nerve. These light sensing cells are known as cones and rods that play different roles. The rods on the retina are sensitive to the intensity of light and cannot distinguish between different wavelengths but are responsible for vision at low light levels. The cones are the color-sensing cells that are active at higher light levels. Without a healthy retina, your vision is greatly impacted and may impair your ability to drive, read, or see fine detail.
Signs of retinal problems that may indicate a retinal disease or detachment include floating specks or cobwebs in the visual field, blurred or distorted vision that results in wavy vision, changes in peripheral vision, or vision loss. These signs and symptoms can be related to other eye diseases as well but are the most common for conditions related to the retina. Common retinal issues include retinal tear, retinal detachment, diabetic retinopathy, epiretinal membrane, macular hole, and retinitis pigmentosa. Risk factors for retinal diseases may include aging, smoking, obesity, diabetes, eye trauma or injury, and family history of retinal diseases. Critical warning signs of retina problems include dim vision, distorted vision, double vision, floating webs, flashing lights, halos around lights, gray or dark curtain blocking vision, peripheral shadows, blind spots, pain, and overall decrease, especially a rapid decline, in the quality of your vision. When in doubt, seek emergency medical care to either rule out a retinal detachment or confirm retinal detachment to have it repaired as soon as possible to save your vision.
Most comprehensive eye exams include retinal testing to assess and monitor the health of your retina. Retinal imaging is painless and, in most cases, does not even require dilation of the eyes. A few minutes of your time once a year can help save you from experiencing the signs of retina problems. For your exam at Associated Retina Consultants, contact our office by calling 602-242-4928 or schedule conveniently online at WEBSITE.