What Causes Tumors Behind the Eye?

Eye tumors are composed of cells that grow abnormally and create a mass. There are many types of eye tumors; they can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) and can be detected through a thorough eye examination. 

Many tumors in the eye are secondary tumors caused by cancers that have spread from other parts of the body, especially the breast, lung, bowel or prostate. Two types of primary tumors arise within the eye itself and are known as retinoblastoma in children and melanoma in adults. Retinoblastoma is a cancer of the retina, the eye’s light-sensitive tissue. Ocular melanoma affects various parts of the eye, specifically the choroid, ciliary body and the iris. Both are considered rare. 

Tumors may form in the eye or around the eye, including behind the eye. Tumors outside of the eye are also known as orbital tumors. 

Signs of eye tumors can vary. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Bulging of the eye, usually without pain
  • Swelling of the eye 
  • Changes in vision or vision loss
  • Eye redness
  • Burning or itching in the eye
  • The feeling that something is in the eye

There are various ways to treat tumors behind the eye, depending on several factors such as the diagnosis, size and aggressiveness of the tumor. Certain small tumors may respond to laser treatment, freezing (cryosurgery) or external radiation therapy. In some instances, it is possible to remove a tumor surgically and still preserve vision.

Early diagnosis and treatment of eye tumors are extremely important. Regular comprehensive eye examinations are an important way to protect your eye health. A routine examination in Location can help our doctors identify signs of serious health conditions, like eye tumors. If you notice any changes in your vision or the appearance of your eyes, contact Associated Retina Consultants right away to schedule an examination with our doctors. Call 602-242-4928 or visit website today.